Hebrew Dictionary (Lexicon-Concordance)

Key Word Studies (Translations-Definitions-Meanings)


  #7185 קָשָׁה qashah {kaw-shaw'}

 a primitive root; TWOT - 2085; v

—Hebrew Word Study (Transliteration-Pronunciation Etymology & Grammar)

 1) to be hard, be severe, be fierce, be harsh
    1a) (Qal)
        1a1) to be hard, be difficult
        1a2) to be hard, be severe
    1b) (Niphal)
        1b1) to be ill-treated
        1b2) to be hard pressed
    1c) (Piel) to have severe labour (of women)
    1d) (Hiphil)
        1d1) to make difficult, make difficulty
        1d2) to make severe, make burdensome
        1d3) to make hard, make stiff, make stubborn
             1d3a) of obstinacy (fig)
        1d4) to show stubbornness

—Brown-Driver-Briggs (Old Testament Hebrew-English Lexicon)

A primitive root; properly to be dense, that is, tough or severe (in various applications):—be cruel, be fiercer, make grievous, be ([ask a], be in, have, seem, would) hard (-en, [labour], -ly, thing), be sore, (be, make) stiff (-en, [-necked]).

—Strong's (Hebrew & Chaldee Dictionary of the Old Testament)

  • #7185.
  • קָשָׁה
  • qashah (904b); a prim. root; to be hard, severe or fierce:—
  • NASB - became stubborn*(2), cruel(1), defied*(1), hard(1), hard thing(1), hard-pressed(1), harden(2), hardened(1), hardens(2), harsher(1), made our hard(2), seem hard(1), severe(2), stiffen(2), stiffened(6), stubborn(1), suffered severe(1).

—NAS Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible with Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek Dictionaries

Copyright 1981, 1998 by The Lockman Foundation — All rights reserved — http://www.lockman.org
 AV - harden 12, hard 4, stiffnecked + H6203 2, grievous 2, misc 8; 28
Isaiah 8:21.
Genesis 49:7.
2 Samuel 19:43.
1 Kings 12:4. 2 Chronicles 10:4.
Genesis 35:16, 17. Deuteronomy 1:17; 15:18.
Exodus 7:3. Psalms 95:8.
Deuteronomy 2:30. 2 Kings 17:14. Nehemiah 9:16, 17, 29. Job 9:4. Jeremiah 7:26; 19:15.
Proverbs 28:14; 29:1.
Exodus 13:15.
1 Kings 12:4.
1 Samuel 5:7.
Jeremiah 17:23.
2 Chronicles 36:13.
2 Kings 2:10.
The following translates multiple Hebrew or Aramaic words:
Deuteronomy 10:16. 2 Chronicles 30:8.

—Exhaustive Concordance (KJV Translation Frequency & Location)

Bible Dictionary Strong's Concordance H7184 Top of Online Lexicons and Bible Dictionaries with Brown-Driver-Briggs/Thayer's Strong's Numbers & Exhaustive Concordance to the Scriptures Bible Dictionary Strong's Concordance H7186

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