1) a tetrarch
1a) a governor of the fourth part of a region. Thus Strabo states
that Galactia was formerly divided into three parts, each one
of which was distributed into four smaller subdivisions each
of which was governed by a tetrarch. Strabo relates that
Thessaly, before the time of Philip of Macedon, had been
divided into four tetrarchies, each having its own tetrarch.
1b) the governor of a third part or half a country, or even a
ruler of an entire country or district provided it were of
comparatively narrow limits; a petty prince. Thus Antony made
Herod (afterwards king) and Phasael, sons of Antipater,
tetrarchs of Palestine. After the death of Herod the Great,
his sons, Achelaus styled an ethnarch but Antipas and Philip
with the title of tetrarchs, divided and governed the kingdom
left by their father.